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A climate battle is quietly raging in homes across America. Cities are increasingly adopting and implementing policies to reduce carbon emissions at every level, despite opposition from Washington’s biggest construction and fossil fuel trade associations. The International Code Council, which, despite its name, serves primarily the U.S., met this week to evaluate about two dozen proposals that, if implemented, could require new homes to be built with features that would ease a transition to net-zero living.
Potential features include outlets near stoves so that residents could opt to switch to electric stoves in the future, and increased power supply to garages, to give occupants a way to charge an electric car.
Why This Matters: Buildings and their construction comprise about36% of global energy use and 39% of energy-related carbon emissions annually. About 40% of all energy consumption in the U.S. comes from residential and commercial buildings. Reducing these emissions at scale is the low-hanging fruit that helps us achieve our emissions reductions goals.
The Paris Climate Agreement, which the U.S. officially leaves the day after the 2020 Presidential election, specifies that to limit the increase of earth’s average temperature, the energy use of built infrastructure will have to be reduced by 30 percent by 2030. Cities and states are key players in ensuring that local codes become updated to support energy efficiency. “There are few things that are more impactful than energy code,” said Stacey Miller, the sustainability program coordinator for Minneapolis, “so we see this as critical.”
Furthermore, the federal Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) helps low-income homes across America weatherize and save on energy costs, but it has a yearly maximum capacity of 35,000 and is vastly underfunded. Should Joe Biden be elected this November, expanding WAP to cover more homes could far exceed the already impressive 2 million metric tons of emissions saved annually by the program.
Biden has already made a commitment to increasing building efficiency in his platform, pledging to retrofit 4 million buildings with efficiency improvements in his first term should he be elected. This would go a long way in helping ease the disproportionate energy burden faced by low-income households who already typically spend 20% of their income on energy purchases.
Fighting Dirty: The fossil fuel industry’s opposition to these rules is not new. Despite the new codes, the industry and its trade associations are concerned about the costs of implementing the new policy as well as losing their historical influence over the process for setting building codes, efficiency experts say.
The National Association of Home Builders went so far as to sign a secret deal that guaranteed them 4 out of 11 voting seats on two committees that decide building codes adopted nationwide. This deal granted them immense power; they were able to thwart residential increases in energy efficiency by 29% in only 6 years.
Now, trade organizations are coming out vocally against new climate-friendly codes. The Leading Builders Association argued in a Council meeting that governmental members were “recruited by special interests for the sole purpose of advancing their agenda.”
Craig Drumheller, assistant vice-president of construction codes and standards for the National Association of Homebuilders said in an interview that the Council’s process disregarded their interests and that there were “holes in the process that got taken advantage of, and those holes need to be plugged”.
Madison Neal, a spokeswoman for the council welcomed dialogue and criticism but emphasized that only governmental representatives “who have no financial or business interest in the outcome” can have the final say in the matter.
Miller believes that government officials are the best people to be representing the public. “I feel like we’re the strongest advocates for the public interest,” she said of her and her peers, government officials from San Diego, Boston, Pittsburgh, Columbus, Seattle, Honolulu, Charlotte, Orlando, and more. “That’s our job as government officials – unlike for-profit or trade organizations where there are other motivations.”
by Amy Lupica, ODP Staff Writer Less than two weeks after being confirmed, Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm has announced that the Biden administration is resuming an Obama-era program that gave billions in loans to clean energy companies. Granholm, during talks at the CERAWeek energy conference on Wednesday, pointed the clean energy businesses the Department of Energy loan program […]
by Natasha Lasky, ODP Staff Writer The world desperately needs more sources of emissions-free energy, yet as these power sources are brought online, we must also contend with their impact on animals and ecosystems. In California, government officials are trying to rescue California condors, which are critically endangered, from being killed by the blades of […]
In the wake of one of the largest power losses in United States history, the conversation about green energy in Texas is back in the headlines. Emily Holden and two other investigative reporters collaborated on a story that ran in The Guardian, The Texas Observer, and San Antonio Report exposing how the Texas Gas Service was successful in significantly watering down a plan by the city of Austin to reduce the use of natural gas there in the future.
Why This Matters: The oil industry has spent billions to manipulate the national conversation around green energy.
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