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Why This Matters: As USA Today wrote, cases of the plague are rare. In the U.S., most plague cases occur in the Southwest, including in New Mexico, Arizona, and Colorado. Advances in medicine mean we’re far more equipped to deal with bubonic plague in 2020 than we were in the Middle Ages, but it can turn into pneumonic plague if left untreated because the bacteria can move to the lungs. Both COVID-19 and bubonic plague result from the proximity of humans to animals and can be transmitted to humans through deforestation and animal habitat loss. It’s one more reminder that our health is reliant upon the health of our planet.
Colorado Case: As ABC News reported, Jefferson County, CO Public Health said in its statement that household pets can be susceptible to plague infection which could transfer to humans if they pick up infected fleas.
“Cats are highly susceptible to plague and may die if not treated promptly with antibiotics. Cats can contract plague from flea bites, a rodent scratch/bite or ingestion of a rodent. Dogs are not as susceptible to plague; however, they may pick up and carry plague-infected rodent fleas,” the department said in a statement.
Plague in the United States:According to the Centers for Disease Control, plague was first introduced into the United States in 1900, by rat–infested steamships that had sailed from affected areas, mostly from Asia. Epidemics occurred in port cities.
The last urban plague epidemic in the United States occurred in Los Angeles from 1924 through 1925.
Plague then spread from urban rats to rural rodent species, and became entrenched in many areas of the western United States. Since that time, plague has occurred as scattered cases in rural areas.
Most human cases in the United States occur in two regions:
Northern New Mexico, northern Arizona, and southern Colorado
California, southern Oregon, and far western Nevada
Make sure you know the symptoms of plague if you’ve been in areas where outbreaks have been reported.
There are about 1.7 million viruses that afflict mammals and birds, and about half of them could potentially infect humans, just like COVID-19, SARS, HIV, and Ebola. But a team of researchers at UC Davis are attempting to help prevent another pandemic from disrupting the world, by creating an app called SpillOver.
Why this Matters: The scientists creating the app believe that by creating a prioritized watchlist of viruses, we can better have improved detection and thus reduce the risk of disease transmission and maybe even preemptively develop vaccines, therapeutics, and public education campaigns for the viruses that pose the greatest risk.
Why This Matters: We’ve been relying on old data about farmworkers’ exposure to pesticides for the past 30 years, and thus the full picture of the harmful impact of these products on people has been underappreciated.
A coalition of 63 health, wildlife, and environmental organizations has written a letter urging the Biden administration to adopt policies to combat the increased threat of zoonotic disease spillover into human populations. In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, experts say that human population expansion and increased interactions with wildlife, present increased chances for future pandemics as well.
Why This Matters: According to the World Health Organization, there are over 200 known zoonoses, diseases that have jumped from non-human animals to humans.
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