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The Utah Navajo Health System and the Utah Department of Health’s Utah Public Health Laboratory conducted over 1,300 drive-thru tests. Image: Zak Podmore/The Salt Lake Tribune
When the CARES Act passed through Congress, $8 billion was set aside to help Native American tribes face the COVID-19 pandemic yet by the end of April none of the appropriated funds had been received. After a legal battle, the Trump administration finally agreed to release the funds although not the full amount.
Why This Matters: Native Americans have long suffered from inadequate health care and poverty and as a result have higher rates of diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, and heart disease. Even clean water for things like handwashing is not accessible on all tribal lands. These inequalities make many indigenous communities more vulnerable to COVID-19 as we’ve witnessed with the outbreak in the Navajo Nation. Our indigenous communities deserve so much better.
Why The Delay?:Legal disputes began over whether Alaskan tribal corporations should qualify for the federal stimulus funds. The Alaskan corporations own most of the Native land in Alaska due to a settlement in the 1970s, but they are not considered tribal governments. The 200 for-profit corporations argued that they should receive the funding so they could provide resources and assistance to native tribes in Alaska. Tribal nations across the country sued to say that they should not qualify, U.S. District Judge Amit Mehta in Washington D.C. agreed and ruled that the funding should go to the 574 federally recognized tribes in the United States.
Not Actually $8 Billion: Indianz.com explained in a separate article that only $4.8 billion, or 60% of the fund, is going out at this time.
It will be based on “population data used in the distribution of the Indian Housing Block Grant” funds.
Notably, such data was not required of tribes when they submitted their certification forms to the Trump administration in April 2020.
The remaining 40% is to be based on tribal employment figures, which were submitted as part of the certification. However, the announcement also says these payments will be tied to “further data to be collected.”
Hope for Humanity: As the New York Times reported, more than 170 years ago, the Choctaw Nation (suffering from poverty itself) sent $170 to starving Irish families during the potato famine. Now hundreds of Irish people are repaying that old kindness, giving to a charity drive for two Native American tribes suffering in the Covid-19 pandemic.
As of Tuesday, the fund-raiser has raised more than $1.8 million to help supply clean water, food and health supplies to people in the Navajo Nation and the Hopi Reservation, with hundreds of thousands of dollars coming from Irish donors, according to the organizers.
There are about 1.7 million viruses that afflict mammals and birds, and about half of them could potentially infect humans, just like COVID-19, SARS, HIV, and Ebola. But a team of researchers at UC Davis are attempting to help prevent another pandemic from disrupting the world, by creating an app called SpillOver.
Why this Matters: The scientists creating the app believe that by creating a prioritized watchlist of viruses, we can better have improved detection and thus reduce the risk of disease transmission and maybe even preemptively develop vaccines, therapeutics, and public education campaigns for the viruses that pose the greatest risk.
Why This Matters: We’ve been relying on old data about farmworkers’ exposure to pesticides for the past 30 years, and thus the full picture of the harmful impact of these products on people has been underappreciated.
A coalition of 63 health, wildlife, and environmental organizations has written a letter urging the Biden administration to adopt policies to combat the increased threat of zoonotic disease spillover into human populations. In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, experts say that human population expansion and increased interactions with wildlife, present increased chances for future pandemics as well.
Why This Matters: According to the World Health Organization, there are over 200 known zoonoses, diseases that have jumped from non-human animals to humans.
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