Over 80% of Mexico Affected by Drought Conditions 

Graphic by Annabel Driussi for ODP

by Ashira Morris, ODP Staff Writer

Drought conditions cover 85% of Mexico as lakes and reservoirs dry up across the country. Mexico City is experiencing its worst drought in 30 years, and the reservoirs and aquifers are so depleted that some residents don’t have tap water.

  • The capital city relies on water pumped in from miles away, and in an Earth Day address, Mayor Claudia Sheinbaum said the drought will likely continue to impact water supply and could increase the risk of wildfires, Reuters reports.
  • There has been about 25% less rain, on average, and nearly half of the country’s dams are less than half full. 

Why This Matters: Researchers from Mexico City note that rapid growth in Mexican cities has led to increased demand for water, but that the country needs better water management to ensure residents have access to water as the resource becomes more scarce. And with climate change, scientists warn that “northern Mexico will face serious problems in responding to ever-growing water demands.” The higher temperatures, dryer soil, and intense but sporadic rainfall brought about by climate change all make droughts worse, and researchers estimate that by 2050 Mexico City’s natural water availability could fall by 10-17% as temperatures rise.

Cities like Cape Town serve as a startling reminder to the rest of the world that water management and climate mitigation cannot be delayed for water-stressed cities. Yet for Mexico City, whose metro area is home to 20 million people, severe water scarcity could be a significant destabilizing force.

Western US Drought: North of the Mexican border, the situation is not any better. The Western U.S. has been in a state of drought since 2000. Right now, the U.S. Drought Monitor puts 60% of the region in a severe, extreme, or exceptional drought. 

Bradley Udall, a senior climate and water scientist at Colorado State University’s Colorado Water Center, calls the type of drought this part of the country is experiencing “aridification” or “hot drought” — one brought about by heat-induced lack of water due to climate change, not just a year with light rainfall. The Colorado River Basin, the biggest water system in the West that supplies water to California, Nevada, Arizona, Colorado, Wyoming, New Mexico, and Utah, is already 20% lower than last century when the states formed a compact to divvy up the water. Without major climate action, it’s projected to drop another 20-35% by the end of the century.

I always say climate change is water change,” Udall told Yale Climate Connections. “It means too much water, not enough water, water at the wrong time. It means reduced water quality. You get all of these things together as the earth warms up.”

 

Up Next

EPA Deals Crushing Blow to Pebble Mine Project in Bristol Bay

EPA Deals Crushing Blow to Pebble Mine Project in Bristol Bay

By Amy Lupica, ODP Daily Editor In another significant blow to the Pebble Mine project in Alaska, the EPA has asked a federal court to allow Clean Water Act protections for parts of Bristol Bay, a body of water that stands to be decimated if the project continues. Environmental advocates and Alaska Native tribes hope […]

Continue Reading 462 words
California’s Drought Could Worsen Climate Change

California’s Drought Could Worsen Climate Change


By Natasha Lasky, ODP Staff Writer California’s record-breaking drought is not just a result of climate change — it’s also making climate change worse. According to a new study, population growth and energy-sapping water projects have driven up emissions and slowed down decarbonization campaigns. As it gets more and more difficult for Californians to rely […]

Continue Reading 410 words
Federal Judge Restores Obama-Era Protections for Streams, Marshes, and Wetlands

Federal Judge Restores Obama-Era Protections for Streams, Marshes, and Wetlands

By Amy Lupica, ODP Daily Editor   A federal judge has thrown out a Trump administration environmental rollback that scaled back federal protections for the nation’s streams, marshes, and wetlands. Despite support from farm and business groups, the federal judge ruled that the rollback could lead to “serious environmental harm.” Environmental groups are celebrating the decision, which will reinstate protections for […]

Continue Reading 391 words

Want the planet in your inbox?

Subscribe to the email that top lawmakers, renowned scientists, and thousands of concerned citizens turn to each morning for the latest environmental news and analysis.