Houston Residents Sue Army Corps of Engineers for Harvey Flooding
Hurricane Harvey caused about $100,000 of damage to this home. Photo: Elisio Soares, via Wall Street Journal
Yesterday a federal claims court began to hear arguments in a novel case in which private homeowners in Houston are arguing that the Army Corps of Engineers is liable for intentionally flooding their homes during Hurricane Harvey. Ordinarily private citizens cannot sue the federal government for damages caused by the government doing its job. In this case, the homeowners claim that the Corps’ actions during the Hurricane amounted to a government “taking” of their private property without compensation because the operation of two federal dams built to control flooding in the city caused homes to flood both up and downstream of the dams due to water releases that took place after the storm had passed. According to the Wall Street Journal:
Now the government claims the flooding was an “isolated event” and that this land would have flooded during the Hurricane if the dams had not been there. If the plaintiffs win, this could get very expensive for the government.
Why This Matters: Corps of Engineers failing flood control projects can be found all over the country — just ask the people of Davenport. It is not as if the Corps planned for these projects to fail — but they certainly did not anticipate the problem of what would happen when they needed the extra space for water storage and deal with it in advance. With climate change causing increasingly soaking rains, these sort of lawsuits against the government will likely happen more and more frequently. More flooding rains will mean more unsuspecting residents are harmed when Corps flood control projects go awry. The government should examine where else they have this sort of vulnerability and take action to move people out of harm’s way. In this case, the Corps was just making a choice as to whom to flood. And one thing we know for certain, if this lawsuit against the Corps succeeds — there will be more in Houston and everywhere where a Corps flood control project is operated in a way that intentionally harms people.